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Hyacinth is any plant of genus Hyacinthus, which are
formerly placed in the lily family Liliaceae
but now regarded as the type genus of the separate family Hyacinthaceae.
Hyacinths are native to the eastern Mediterranean
region east to Iran
They are named after the Hyacinth
mythology. Hyacinths are sometimes associated with rebirth.
Dutch, or Common Hyacinth of house and garden
culture (H. orientalis of the northeast Mediterranean) was so
popular in the 18th
century that over 2,000 cultivars
were cultivated in the Netherlands,
its chief commercial producer. This hyacinth has a single dense spike of
in shades of red, blue, white, or yellow. A variety of the common hyacinth
is the less hardy and smaller blue- or white-petalled Roman hyacinth (var.
albulus) of florists.
three species are currently recognised within the genus Hyacinthus.
authorities place H. litwonowii and H. transcaspicus in the
related genus Hyacinthella,
leaving Hyacinthus as monotypic.
related grape hyacinths (Muscari),
sometimes called baby's-breath, are very low, mostly blue-flowered plants
similar in appearance to hyacinths and are also commonly cultivated.
types of brodiea,
and other plants that were formerly classified in the lily family and have
flower clusters borne along the stalk also have common names with hyacinth